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Generation of Electromagnetic Field by Microtubules

This report delves into the groundbreaking research conducted by Jan Pokorný, Jirˇí Pokorný, and Jan Vrba, which reveals a novel mechanism of electromagnetic field generation by microtubules in biological systems. Their study, Generation of Electromagnetic Field by Microtubules published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, posits that the coherent electromagnetic field, essential for controlling information and organization within biological entities, is generated by microtubules. These cellular components, made up of tubulin heterodimers arranged periodically, harbor electric dipoles crucial for this electromagnetic activity. Through classical dipole theory, the research underscores the significance of spatial-temporal coherence in the generation of coherent signals, contributing significantly to our understanding of biological electromagnetic fields and their role in cell function and communication.


The study initiates by highlighting the complexity of biological activities, especially in mammalian brains, which cannot be solely explained through chemical interactions. It references the hypothesis by Fröhlich, suggesting the existence of coherent electrical polar vibrations in biological systems, thus introducing the foundation for exploring the electromagnetic field’s role in biological order.

Key Findings

  1. Generation Mechanism: The paper explains how microtubules, with their helical and axial periodicity, act as a source of electromagnetic fields in biological systems. The interaction of electric dipoles within these structures facilitates the generation of coherent electromagnetic signals, which are proposed to play a critical role in cellular processes.
  2. Role of Water and Ionization: A fascinating aspect of this study is the exploration of water’s role around microtubules and its interaction with the electromagnetic field. The research suggests that the ordered water layer around microtubules could contribute to the efficient transfer and storage of electromagnetic energy.
  3. Biological Implications: The electromagnetic field generated by microtubules is theorized to influence a wide range of biological functions, including cell division, motility, and neural activities. This is supported by experimental observations, including the impact of electromagnetic fields on cellular reactions and neuron activity.


The report thoroughly discusses the implications of these findings, emphasizing the electromagnetic field’s potential as a fundamental mechanism for biological organization and communication. It delves into the possible applications of this understanding in explaining complex biological phenomena, such as brain function and the synchronization of cellular processes.


Concluding, the study by Pokorný et al. opens new avenues in the understanding of electromagnetic fields in biology. It not only highlights the pivotal role of microtubules in generating these fields but also sets the stage for future research on their implications for health and disease, especially in the context of cancer research where electromagnetic activity might play a crucial role.

Recommendations for Further Research

The report ends by proposing areas for further investigation, such as the quantitative analysis of the electromagnetic field’s impact on biological processes and the exploration of therapeutic applications based on manipulating these fields.

Potential Bioeffects of Environmental EMFs on Biological Systems

This section extends our exploration into the electromagnetic fields generated by microtubules to consider the potential bioeffects of environmental electromagnetic fields (EMFs), like those from cell phones, on biological systems. Grounded in the pioneering work of scientists such as Robert Becker, this analysis conjectures the disturbances and modulations that environmental EMFs may induce in the coherent electromagnetic fields intrinsic to biological organisms, potentially impacting cellular and physiological processes.

Environmental EMFs have become ubiquitous due to the proliferation of electronic devices, with cell phone radiation being a primary source of exposure. Given the crucial role that endogenous electromagnetic fields play in biological organization, as outlined in our initial report, understanding the interaction between external EMFs and biological systems is paramount.

Mechanisms of Interaction

  1. Disturbance of Cellular Electromagnetic Fields: We hypothesize that external EMFs could interfere with the coherent electromagnetic fields generated by microtubules, potentially disrupting cellular functions regulated by these fields, including cell division, motility, and intercellular communication.
  2. Impact on Water Structure: Considering the role of ordered water layers in modulating electromagnetic signals within cells, environmental EMFs might alter these structures, affecting the efficient transfer and storage of electromagnetic energy crucial for cellular processes.
  3. Influence on Ion Channels: External EMFs may modulate the activity of ion channels on cell membranes, affecting cellular excitability and signaling pathways. This could have profound implications for neural activity and the overall functioning of the nervous system.

Bioeffects and Health Implications

Drawing from the groundwork laid by Becker and others, this section examines the potential health implications of continuous exposure to environmental EMFs, including but not limited to stress responses, alterations in cell growth patterns, and implications for neurodegenerative diseases.

Recommendations for Further Research

Given the complexity of biological electromagnetic interactions and the pervasive nature of environmental EMFs, we recommend a multidisciplinary approach to further research, incorporating cellular biology, biophysics, and environmental health studies to comprehensively understand these phenomena.

In this insightful examination, we delve into the complex discourse surrounding electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and their interaction with biological processes, a topic that has spurred debate among scientists for decades. At the heart of this discussion are contrasting views presented by Michael Levin and Robert Becker, two prominent figures in the realm of bioelectric research. This analysis seeks to unravel the intricacies of their arguments, highlighting the evolution of scientific understanding in the context of EMF’s influence on health and the innovative use of technology in medicine.

Michael Levin’s Skepticism: A Modern Perspective on Bioelectricity

Michael Levin, a leading researcher in bioelectricity, has significantly contributed to our understanding of how bioelectric signals guide developmental processes and tissue regeneration. Levin’s work, which often references the early pioneers in the field, including H.S. Burr and Robert Becker, has illuminated the intricate ways bioelectric phenomena influence the scaling of biological goals across cellular and organismal levels. However, Levin has expressed skepticism about the detrimental effects of environmental EMFs on bioelectric processes, labeling Becker’s concerns as a diversion from the core issues of bioelectric research. Levin’s stance suggests a belief that intrinsic bioelectric processes within organisms are largely insulated from the external electromagnetic milieu, a view that underscores his focus on the endogenous dynamics of bioelectricity rather than its environmental interactions.

Robert Becker’s Concerns: The Environmental EMF Hypothesis

Robert Becker, a pioneer in bioelectromagnetics, offered a different perspective, emphasizing the potential health implications of pervasive man-made electromagnetic fields. Through his research and public discourse, Becker advocated for a deeper investigation into how the altered global electromagnetic environment could be linked to increasing health issues, including the rise of cancer rates. Becker’s stance was grounded in the observation that the biological effects of EMFs, particularly at non-thermal levels, warranted serious consideration and further study, pointing to a significant environmental influence on bioelectric processes and overall health.

Reconciling Perspectives: The Therapeutic Potential of EMFs

The emergence of FDA-approved medical devices that harness EMFs for cancer treatment presents a fascinating convergence of Becker’s and Levin’s views. Devices such as the TheraBionic and the Oncomagnetic system utilize EMFs at low intensities to target cancer cells, demonstrating that non-thermal electromagnetic effects can indeed have profound and beneficial impacts on biological systems. These therapeutic innovations underscore the dual nature of EMF interactions with biology—capable of both disruption and healing—and validate Becker’s early concerns about the biological significance of EMFs.

The True Essence of Bioelectric and EMF Research

The discourse between Michael Levin and Robert Becker on EMFs and biological processes reveals the evolving landscape of bioelectromagnetic research. While Levin’s skepticism about the adverse effects of environmental EMFs on bioelectricity highlights the complexity of distinguishing intrinsic and extrinsic influences, Becker’s advocacy for recognizing and researching these effects has found validation in the therapeutic application of EMFs. This juxtaposition not only emphasizes the nuanced understanding of bioelectric phenomena but also illustrates the potential of EMF research to transcend the boundaries between harm and healing. As we advance, the integration of perspectives like those of Levin and Becker will be crucial in navigating the promises and perils of bioelectricity and electromagnetic interactions, ensuring that scientific exploration and technological innovation proceed with both caution and curiosity.

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